## How is d from paired t-test calculated?

Discuss the jamovi platform, possible improvements, etc.

## How is d from paired t-test calculated?

First: Amazing job. Jamovi is absolutely fantastic. We are retiring SPSS department wide.

Now to my question: How is d calculated for paired sampe t-tests? There are several ways and knowing which is important.

In general it would, especially for teaching, be great to learn the mathematical formula behind different tests. Is there some simple way to access that? It’s not detailed in the R package.
RickCarlsson

Posts: 6
Joined: Thu Apr 04, 2019 10:04 am

## Re: How is d from paired t-test calculated?

hi rick,

great you guys are able to move beyond spss.

at present, the easiest way is to dive into the scripts underlying each analysis. here's the relevant section for cohen's d for the paired samples t-test:

https://github.com/jamovi/jmv/blob/mast ... .R#L54-L66

longer term we want to provide good documentation of course.

with thanks

jonathon

jonathon

Posts: 1729
Joined: Fri Jan 27, 2017 10:04 am

## Re: How is d from paired t-test calculated?

This works for me Thanks!
RickCarlsson

Posts: 6
Joined: Thu Apr 04, 2019 10:04 am

## Re: How is d from paired t-test calculated?

Hi, I would like to know is there any way to calculate effect size relative to raw score instead of difference score, in paired-sample t-test.

" To the extent that you care about the practical consequences of your research, you often want to measure the effect size relative to the original variables, not the difference scores (e.g., the 1% improvement in Dr Chico’s class over time is pretty small when measured against the amount of between-student variation in grades), in which case you use the same versions of Cohen’s d that you would use for a Student or Welch test. It’s not so straightforward to do this in jamovi; essentially you have to change the structure of the data in the spreadsheet view so I won’t go into that here, but the Cohen’s d for this perspective is quite different: it is 0.22 which is quite small when assessed on the scale of the original variables."

Firstly, could you please specify what do you mean by "against the amount of between-student variation in grades"?

Secondly, I can't find the jamovi file mentioned in note 12: "If you are interested, you can look at how this was done in the chico2.omv file" (I would like to see how you "change the structure of the data")

Thanks a lot!
Nat

Posts: 5
Joined: Sat Mar 20, 2021 7:16 am

## Re: How is d from paired t-test calculated?

hi, could you start a new thread?

i'm unfamiliar with this user guide i'm afraid -- i'm not actually sure what you're refering to.

cheers

jonathon

jonathon

Posts: 1729
Joined: Fri Jan 27, 2017 10:04 am